Setting up Node.JS for production

Node.js is a popular JavaScript runtime that allows developers to build server-side applications with JavaScript. PM2 is a process manager for Node.js applications that helps to keep your applications running smoothly and automatically restart them in the event of any failures. Here's a guide on how to set up Node.js with PM2 and Let's Encrypt:

Node JS Logo



First, make sure you have Node.js installed on your system. If you don't have it already, you can install it from the official website or by following the steps below.

Installing Node.JS

Download NVM via curl and install it.

1curl -o- | bash

Export NVM as a command to your terminal.

1export NVM_DIR="$HOME/.nvm"
2  [ -s "$NVM_DIR/" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/"  # This loads nvm
3  [ -s "$NVM_DIR/bash_completion" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/bash_completion"  # This loads nvm bash_completion

Restart your terminal

1source ~/.bash_profile

Install Node.js's latest lts version

1nvm install --lts

Installing PM2

Next, install PM2 using the following command:

1npm install -g pm2

Now, you can start a new Node.js application using PM2 with the following command:

1pm2 start app.js

Replace "app.js" with the name of your Node.js script file. This will start your application and keep it running in the background.

To view the status of your application, use the following command:

1pm2 status

This will show you the status of all the applications managed by PM2, including their process ID, name, and current status.

If you need to stop an application, you can use the following command:

1pm2 stop app

To restart an application, use the following command:

1pm2 restart app

By using PM2 to manage your Node.js applications, you can ensure that they are always running and automatically restart them in the event of any failures. This can save you a lot of time and effort in the long run.

Using HTTPS with Certbot

Let's Encrypt is a free, automated, and open certificate authority that provides SSL/TLS certificates to secure websites and protect them from cyber threats.

Install the Certbot client, which is a command-line tool that allows you to request and renew SSL/TLS certificates from Let's Encrypt. You can install Certbot from the official website or with the command below.

1sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-nginx

Before we get started run we will need to delete the old Nginx HTTP and allow the full Nginx profile to pass through your firewall.

1sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'
2sudo ufw delete allow 'Nginx HTTP'

Once Certbot is installed, run the following command to obtain a certificate for your Nginx server:

1sudo certbot --nginx -d -d

The -d flag is used for assigning a domain/sub-domains to your certificate. Replace with your domain.

That's it! Your Nginx server is now secured with a Let's Encrypt SSL/TLS certificate. Let's Encrypt certificates are valid for 90 days, so it's important to set up a renewal process to ensure that your certificate doesn't expire. You can use the Certbot client to automatically renew your certificate by running the following command:

1sudo systemctl status certbot.timer