Fetch API

The Fetch API is a interface for making http requests using javascript in the browser and with node version +18. If you are familiar with the XMLHttpRequest or ajax() from jQuery this will feel familiar.


The fetch api is built on promises and returns a Response object that will need further processing depending on the data parsing you want. The fetch() function takes two arguments, the request URL and the parameters. Then returns a Response object that will further process your data.


Here is a simple example of a fetch request to an RSS feed. The RSS feed is in plain text so we process it using the response.text() method. There is also .json(), .blob(), .formData() and .arrayBuffer().

2  .then((response) => response.text())
3  .then((data) => console.log(data));

Fetching an image

When fetching binary data, like an image, you will want to convert it to a blob. Then you can create an object URL and use it like a file.

1const image = document.querySelector("#image");
3  .then((response) => response.blob())
4  .then((blob) => {
5    const objectURL = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
6    image.src = objectURL;
7  });

Adding Parameters

Along with the URL, fetch takes an options parameter, this allows you to set headers and make POST requests. Here's a breakdown of what can be added to the options.

For a more exhaustive list of fetch parameters see: MDN

Fetch POST Request

Here is a basic POST request example, it is broken out into a function that can be reused and returns the Response object that the fetch function returns.

Check out: HTTP Headers Basics

 1async function postData(url = "", data = {}) {
 2  // Default options are marked with *
 3  const response = await fetch(url, {
 4    method: "POST", // *GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc.
 5    mode: "cors", // no-cors, *cors, same-origin
 6    cache: "no-cache", // *default, no-cache, reload, force-cache, only-if-cached
 7    credentials: "same-origin", // include, *same-origin, omit
 8    headers: {
 9      "Content-Type": "application/json",
10      Authorization: token,
11      // 'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
12    },
13    redirect: "follow", // manual, *follow, error
14    referrerPolicy: "no-referrer", // no-referrer, *no-referrer-when-downgrade, origin, origin-when-cross-origin, same-origin, strict-origin, strict-origin-when-cross-origin, unsafe-url
15    body: JSON.stringify(data), // body data type must match "Content-Type" header
16  });
17  return response;
20// NOTE: this URL is not a real URL
21postDate("https://decode.sh/post/example", {
22  test: "Hello",
24  .then((res) => res.json())
25  .then((data) => {
26    console.log(data);
27  });